Practical Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
  by Shinde/Bhopale/Chavhan/Shukla
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   ISBN 978-93-85529-55-9; 1st Ed. 2023, pp.viii+384

   Delhi price: 320      Outside Delhi price: 340      Overseas price : 960

 About The Book  

   The contents are suitable to pharma students of D. Pharm, B. Pharm, M. Pharm and research scholars and follows PCI syllabus. The book comprises many chapters such as Extraction and isolation of herbals, herbal formulations, pharmacological screening, etc.

   The macroscopic as well as the microscopic description will help to remember the salient features regarding the identification of crude drugs. The phytochemical part covers the tests for various classes of plant constituents and also the experimental procedures describing ex¬traction and isolation.

   Simple language, point-wise information, reader-friendly presentation, well-labelled diagrams and coverage of all important aspects of practicals constitute the special features of this book.


1.Introduction to Laboratory Instruments
     A. Soxhlet Apparatus
     B. Hot Air Oven
     C. Lyophilizer
     D. Muffle Furnace/Retort Furnace
     E. Colony Counter
     F. Antibiotic Zone Reader
     G. Desiccator
     H. BOD Incubator

2.Microscope and its Techniques
     A. Microscope
     B. Microtome
     C. Section Cutting Technique
     D. Camera Lucida

3.The Cell and Tissue System
     A. Plant Cell
     B. Plant Tissue

4.Introduction to Different Parts of Plants
     A. Leaf (Phyllopodium)
     B. Flowers
     C. Fruits/Pericarp
     D. Seeds
     E. Stems
     F. Bark/Periderm
     G. Woods
     H. Roots

5.Microscopical Studies of Crude Drugs
     A. Fennel Fruit
     B. Coriander Fruit
     C. Nux-vomica Seed
     D. Isapgol Seed
     E. Senna Leaf
     F. Datura Leaf
     G. Neem Leaf
     H. Vasaka Leaf
      I. Vinca Leaf
     J. Clove Bud
     K. Ginger Rhizome
     L. Ipecac Root
     M. Shatavari Root
     N. Ephedra Stem
     O. Cinchona Bark
     P. Kurchi Bark
     Q. Liquorice Root
     R. Cinnamon Bark

6.Extraction Techniques of Medicinal Plants
     A. Methods of Extraction of Medicinal Plants
     B. Methods of Isolation of Volatile Oils
     C. Solvents Used in Extraction Processes

7.Extraction And Isolation of Phytoconstituents
     A. Isolation of Gingerol and Shagaol from Ginger
     B. Isolation of Andrographolide from Kalmegh
     C. Isolation of Capsaicin from Capsicum
     D. Isolation of Atropine from Datura
     E. Isolation of Diosgenin from Dioscorea
     F. Isolation of Glycyrrhetinic acid from Liquorice
     G. Isolation of Guggulsterone from Guggul
     H. Isolation of Nicotine from Tobacco
      I. Isolation of Piperine from Black Pepper
     J. Isolation of Sennosides from Senna
     K. Isolation of Strychnine and Brucine from Nux Vomica
     L. Isolation of Curcumin from Turmeric
     M. Isolation of Eugenol from Clove
     N. Isolation of Vasicine from Vasaka
     O. Isolation of Vinblastine and Vincristine from Vinca
     P. Isolation of Caffeine from Tea
     Q. Isolation of Digoxin from Digitalis
     R. Isolation of Hesperidin from Orange Peel

8.Chromatographic Techniques
     A. Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)
     B. Paper Chromatography
     C. Column Chromatography
     D. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
     E. High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC)
     F. Gas Chromatography (GC)

9.Evaluation Techniques
     A. Organoleptic Evaluation/Morphological Evaluation/Sensory Evaluation
     B. Microscopical Evaluation
          I. Stomatal number
         II. Stomatal index
        III. Palisade ratio
        IV. Vein islet number
         V. Vein termination number
        VI. Lycopodium spore method

     C. Physical Evaluation
           I. Determination of melting point
          II. Determination of boiling point
         III. Determination of optical activity
         IV. Determination of refractive index
          V. Determination of total ash value
         VI. Determination of acid insoluble ash value
        VII. Determination of water soluble ash value
        VIII.Determination of sulphated ash value
         IX. Deter. of water-soluble extractive value
          X. Deter. of alcohol soluble extractive values
         XI. Determination of moisture content
        XII. Determination of volatile oil content
       XIII. Determination of crude fiber

     D. Chemical Evaluation
          I. Preliminary phytochemial screening

     E. Biological Evaluation
           I. Determination of bitterness value
          II. Determination of haemolytic index
         III. Determination of tannin content
         IV. Determination of swelling index
          V. Determination of foaming index
         VI. Determination of aflatoxins
        VII. Determination of microbial contamination
       VIII. Determination of heavy metals

10.Plant Tissue Culture Techniques and Experiments
     A. Some Experiments
     B. Preparation of Media MS Medium
     C. Surface Sterilization of Explants
     D. Staining Techniques
     E. Gram Staining
     F. Acid-Fast Staining

11.Herbal Formulations
     A. Herbal Cream
     B. Herbal Shampoo
     C. Herbal Syrup
     D. Herbal Lipstick
     E. Asava and Arishta
     F. Vati or Gutika
     G. Taila
     H. Churnas
      I. Avaleha or Lehya
     J. Bhasmas
     K. Arka

12.Monograph Analysis of Herbal Drugs as per WHO
     A. Folium Sennae
     B. Aloe
     C. Radix Glycyrrhizae
     D. Radix Rauwolfiae
     E. Rhizoma Zingiberis

13.Evaluation of Herbal Excipients
     A. Evaluation of Some Frequently Used Herbal Excipients

14.Pharmacological Screening of Herbals
     A. Anti-inflammatory Activity
     B. Antipyretic Activity
     C. Antiulcer Activity
     D. Antidiabetic Activity
     E. Analgesic Activity
     F. Hepatoprotective Activity
     G. Diuretic Activity
     H. Antioxidant Activity
      I. Immunomodulatory Activity
     J. Aphrodiasiac Activity

15.Some Important Experiments
     A. Experiments 1 to 12

     Reagents and Chemicals
     Subject Index